Category: Health

The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, rather than merely the absence of disease and infirmity.” Throughout history, various definitions have been used for various purposes. Health can be improved by encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity and adequate sleep, as well as reducing or avoiding unhealthy behaviors or situations such as smoking or excessive stress.

Some health-related factors are the result of individual choices, such as whether to engage in a high-risk behavior, while others are the result of structural causes, such as whether society is organized in a way that makes it easier or more difficult for people to obtain necessary healthcare services. Other factors, such as genetic disorders, are beyond the control of either individuals or groups.